Teacher as Tutor: More Resources

Example Math Tutoring Programs

These math tutoring programs provide a range of examples of how math tutoring can be implemented in different contexts at the school and district level and during out of school time.  

District Tutoring Initiatives

These example school profiles provide insight to the ways in which districts are implementing tutoring.

In-school tutoring

One of the most effective ways to deliver math tutoring is during the school day. These examples illustrate tutoring providers that implement their program during the school day.

Out-of-School Tutoring

Examples below illustrate how tutoring can be implemented in an after school context. 

Student Math Performance Landscape

The math landscape information provides pertinent and valuable information on student performance in reading and mathematics in the United States. 

Data on Student Performance 

Understanding national math learning performance and trends is an important tool for math educators when planning instruction, assessing student learning, and analyzing student growth in math learning. 

Improvement Strategies

A study providing strategies to support middle grades math learning for struggling students. 

PK - 8 Math Tutoring Articles

Bailey, D.H., Duncan, G. J., Murnane, R.J., & Au Yeung, N. (2021). Achievement gaps in the wake of COVID-19. Educational Researcher, 2021, Vol. 50 (5), 266 - 275.

Bonner, M. P. (2021). Practicing culturally responsive mathematics teaching. Mathematics Teacher: Learning & Teaching PK - 12.  Vol. 114 (1), (6 - 15).

Chine, D. R. et al. (2022). Educational equity through combined human-AI personalization: A Propensity Matching Evaluation. In: Rodrigo, M. M/, Matsuda, N., Cristea, A. I., Dimitrova, V. (Eds.) Artificial Intelligence in Education.  AIED 2022. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 13355. Springer, Cham.

Creider, S. C. (2020). Student talk as a resource: Integrating conflicting agendas in math tutoring sessions. Linguistics and Education, 58, 2020 Journal homepage:  www.elsevier.com/locate/linged Science, 49, 709 - 735.

Curtis, K., Lindo, K., Jansen, A. (2021).  Discourse can create a learning culture. Mathematics Teacher: Learning & Teaching PK - 12, Vol. 114 (1), (55 - 62).

DeLiema, D. (2017). Co-constructed failure narratives in mathematics tutoring. Instructional Science, 45, 709 - 736.

Dougherty, B., Pedrotty Bryant, D., Bryant, B. R., & Shin, M. (2017). Helping students with mathematics difficulties understand ratios and proportions. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 49(2), 96–105.

Durkin, K., Star, J. R., & Rittle-Johnson, B. (2017). Using comparison of multiple strategies in the mathematics classroom: Lessons learned and next steps. Mathematics Education, 49, 585–597.

Foegen, A., Stecker, P.M., Genareo, V. R., Lyons, R. Olson, J.R. Simpson, A., Romig, J. E., & Jones, R. (2016). Using an online tool for learning about and implementing Algebra progress monitoring. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 49(2), 106 - 114.

Haynes, K. B. & Brendle, J. (2019). Cross-age math tutoring of kindergarten and first grade students by middle school tutors. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology (IJEMST), 7(3), 238-250. 

Nickow, A., Oreopoulos, P., Quan, V. (2020). The impressive effects of tutoring on Prek-12 learning: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the experimental evidence. NBER working paper No. 27476.

Thomas, C. A. & Berry, R. Q. (2019).  A qualitative metasynthesis of culturally relevant pedagogy & culturally responsive teaching: Unpacking mathematics teaching practices. Journal of Mathematics Education At Teachers College, Spring 2019, Volume 10, Issue 1.

Thurston, A., Roseth, C., Chang, T., Burns, V., Topping, K.J. (2020). The influence of social relationships on outcomes in mathematics when using peer tutoring in elementary school. International Journal of Educational Research Open, Volume 1, 2020, 100004, ISSN 2666-3740.

PK - 8 Math Tutoring Books

Boaler, J. (2022). Mathematical mindsets: Unleashing students’ potential through creative mathematics inspiring and innovative teaching. Josey-Bass: Hoboken, NJ.

Django, P., Alim, H. S. (2017). Culturally Sustaining Pedagogies: Teaching and Learning for Justice in a Changing World. Teachers College Press: New York, NY.

Gay, G. (2018). Culturally responsive teaching: Theory, Research and Practice. Teachers College Press: New York, NY.

Goffney, I., Gutierrez, R. (2018). Rehumanizing Mathematics for Black, Indigenous, and Latinx Students. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Inc.

Hammond, Z. L. (2015). Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain. Corwin Press.

Ladson-Billings, G. (2009). The dream-keepers: Successful teachers of African American children. Jossey-Bass: San Francisco, CA.

Leonard, J. & Martin, D. B. (Eds.) (2013). The brilliance of black children in mathematics: Beyond the numbers and towards new discourse. Information Age Publishing, Inc.: Charlotte, NC.

Martin, D. B., & Mayfield-Ingram, K. (2013, March 15). The Impact of Identity in K-8 Mathematics Learning and Teaching: Rethinking Equity-based Practices. National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, Inc.

Milner, H. R. (2020). Start where you are, but don’t stay there: Understanding diversity, opportunity gaps, and teaching in today’s classrooms. Harvard Education Press: Cambridge, MA.

Seda, P., & Brown, K. (2021). Choosing to See: A Framework for Equity in the Math Classroom. Dave Burgess Consulting, Inc.: San Diego, CA.